Forest have so many faces:  they can be small, big, round, rectangular, fairy, dotted with glades, deciduous, coniferous, but they have one thing in common: they all constitute a complex, interconnected ecosystem.  They boast a rich species diversity ranging from the hardly visible microorganisms living in soils, through moss and fungi on the ground; soft and woody herbs with two, four six legs or animals without legs, they all live in a symbiotic relationship.

The landscape of the Wildlife Park is mainly characterized by oaks – sessile and turkey oaks – but field maple, wild fruit, or field elms are not hard to find either.  Hungarian woodlands typically paint a relatively similar picture, mainly in the mountain ranges and hilly areas. The tallest trees, which can grow as tall as 18-20 meters, were planted in the 1890s, while smaller trees were planted in the 1970s. To preserve the healthy composition of forests, we have been replacing forests with young earth-balled trees since 2015.

Shrub and herb layers beneath the enormous oaky woods are especially diverse; we can cross paths with hawthorn, buckthorn, European spindle, privet, cornelian cherry and black elder.

On the ground floor of the forest, „the herb layer”, we can discover numerous monocots: many species of sedges, festuca and meadow-grass.  The forest floor layer of the oaky woodlands is rich in flowers, creating a magical atmosphere in the forests from early spring to late autumn: violets, primroses, bellflowers, pulmonarias, comfreys and anemones line our paths while walking in the woods.

You walk often in the woods, but you’ve got no idea what trees surround you? You delight in the beautiful colours of an autumn landscape, but you can’t identify the leaves?  You love to smell the scent of flowers in the forest, but you’re also curious how they are called? Download the ‘Fa book’ tree identification app and get your questions answered! The app available only in Hungarian.